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Python (computing) | What is it, what is it for and why use it?

Python it’s a programming language interpreted that it is well known, multi-paradigm with object-oriented support and that it is highly regarded by those engaged in these tasks.

What is Python?

Python It is defined as an interpreted programming language where the work philosophy emphasizes that the syntax always ensures that the code can be readable. It is also a multiparadigm programming language, which can support object orientation, imperative programming and to a lesser extent functional programming.

Secondly, Python is a programming language that is used in many cases in the world, which is identified as a high-level programming language, which is why it is easier to learn and with the advantage of being Open Source.

What is Python for?

When talking about what is python for It should be noted that one of the objectives with this programming language is to automate processes in order to save time and avoid complications. For that reason, there are several solutions that are achieved with a few lines of code in this program.

On the other hand, Python is very relevant for working with large volumes of data by favoring its extraction and processing. Speaking of Big data Python is often mentioned, so for scientific work it is very useful.

It stands out for the versatility of the language, its templates, modules, packages, frameworks, libraries, management systems and more. It can be used to:

  • Scientific or engineering calculations.
  • Web development.
  • Video games or similar.
  • Graphics programs.
  • Different applications.

Python features

Python is defined as a programming language multiparadigm. This implies that it is not about forcing programmers to internalize a particular programming style, but rather that there are several styles that can be implemented:

  • Imperative programming.
  • Object-oriented programming.
  • Functional programming.
  • Other paradigms when including extensions.

On the other hand, Python is characterized by using dynamic typing and reference counting when managing memory. In addition, its dynamic name resolution is highlighted, therefore, it binds a method and a variable name when executing the program.

Another objective when designing this programming language is to facilitate its extension. For that reason it is relatively easy to write new modules in C or C ++. Python can be included in certain applications that require a programmable interface.

Finally, although in certain cases Python programming can be seen as hostile in the traditional functional work of Lisp, there are different analogies between Python and other minimalist languages ​​of that Lisp family such as Scheme.

Python philosophy

The python philosophy is usually an analogy raised by those who develop in this language from the Unix philosophy. In general, it is sought that the principles of readability and transparency are the most important and this is called as “Pythonic”, which is exactly the opposite of what is opaque or obfuscated that is “Not pythonic”.

Regarding the principles described by Tim Peters in The Zen of Python, the following stand out:

Beautiful is better than ugly.

Explicit is better than implicit.

Simple is better than complex.

Complex is better than complicated.

Flat is better than nested.

Scattered is better than dense.

Legibility counts.

Special cases are not so special as to break the rules.

The practical beats the pure.

Mistakes should never be allowed to pass silently.

Unless they have been explicitly silenced.

Faced with ambiguity, reject the temptation to guess.

There should be one – and preferably only one – obvious way to do it.

Although that way may not be obvious at first unless you are Dutch.15

Now is better than ever.

Although it is often never better than right now.

If the implementation is difficult to explain, it is a bad idea.

If the implementation is easy to explain, it might be a good idea.

Namespaces are a great idea. Let’s do more of those things!

History and evolution of Python

The creator of Python was Guido van Rossum and it did so during the late eighties. The name of the programming language is due to the fact that this man is a fan of the Monty Python’s Flying Circus series and one December 1990 he made the decision to baptize his project in this way.

Broadly speaking, the history of Python tells us that it was born as a search for a successor to the ABC programming language, which was capable of handling exceptions or being able to interact with Amoeba, an operating system. It was in 1991 when the Python code was published in its 0.9.0 version and from then on it became more complex.

Over the years, the evolution of Python has taken place and new versions have been released that improve the already known features and that in turn are based on the Python philosophy already described. At present it is one of the programming languages ​​that is most used for all kinds of developments and there are large companies behind its use and improvement.

7 reasons to program in Python

  1. It is a great multiplatform.
  2. It has frameworks that are very useful for the developer.
  3. It offers its open source and it is free.
  4. There are many prestigious companies that program all kinds of services and applications in Python.
  5. The quality of its syntax is extremely high.
  6. Ideal for object-oriented programming.
  7. It offers a dynamic typing that is very strong.